Vladimir Lenin

Description of Vlad.

Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov, also known as Vladimir Lenin, was a Russian communist revolutionary who founded the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), led the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, and built the Soviet State from 1917 to 1924. He was the creator of the Comintern and the posthumous source of “Leninism,” the doctrine formalized by Lenin’s successors and combined with Karl Marx’s works to form Marxism-Leninism, which is the Communist worldview.

Communist Party.

From the Russian Revolution of October 1917 to 1991, the Communist Party is the most powerful political force in Russia and the Soviet Union.

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was founded by the Bolshevik branch of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party (RSDWP). The Bolsheviks, formed by Vladimir I. Lenin in 1903, pushed for a highly disciplined organization of professional revolutionaries governed by democratic centralism and dedicated to the proletariat’s dictatorship.

Bolshevik Revolution.

The Russian Revolution, often known as the 1917 Russian Revolution, consisted of two revolutions in 1917, the first of which destroyed the imperial government in February (March, New Style) and the second of which installed the Bolsheviks in power in October (November).

Soviet Union.

The Soviet Union (USSR) was a former northern Eurasian empire that spanned the Baltic and Black Seas to the Pacific Ocean and consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics in its final years.

Comintern

The Third International, often known as the Communist International or Comintern, is an international organization of communist parties that was created in 1919. The Comintern served primarily as a tool of Soviet control over the international communist movement, despite its claimed goal of promoting world revolution.

Leninism

Leninism is a set of ideals advocated by Vladimir I. Lenin, the leading figure in the 1917 Russian Revolution.

Vladimir’s Achievements.

Red Terror – the Red Terror was a campaign of mass killing, torture, and political repression carried out by the Bolsheviks, it began in August 1918, shortly after the Russian Civil War began, and continued until 1922. After two assassination attempts on Vladimir Lenin which left him grievously injured and Moisei Uritsky the Petrograd Cheka leader, Lenin signed the death warrants for several Tsarist ministers and civil guards he suspected of plotting against him and his Bolshevik administration. The Red Terror was modelled after the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, and it aimed to suppress political dissent, opposition, and any other challenge to Bolshevik rule. The number of people killed during the ‘Red Terror Revolution’ was estimated to be between 50,000 and one million. To avoid economic collapse, the Bolshevik government launched a ‘war communism’ campaign called ‘prodravyorstka,’ in which farmers’ agricultural produce was confiscated. This harvest was taken to war-torn cities and used to feed Bolshevik soldiers.

NEP – Lenin announced the New Economic Policy (NEP) during the Tenth Party Congress in March 1921. ‘New Economic Policy’ was introduced to abolish the ‘war communism’ to help stabilize the Russian economy. The implementation of a tax-in-kind, set at significantly lower levels than previous requisition limits, allowed peasants to sell their food surpluses on the free market and was the foundation of NEP. Through foreign trade, nationalization, and agricultural produce requisition, the Russian economy was restored to pre-war levels.

Legacy.

Lenin is the father of communism; he established the modern totalitarian state and laid the groundwork for other Marxist dictators such as Chairman Mao, Fidel Castro, and Pol Pot.

Vladimir Lenin issued his April Theses, which called for the transfer of all political power to workers’ and soldiers’ soviets and the immediate withdrawal of Russia from the war.