The “Pearl Island “of Southeast Asia
Phu Quoc is the largest island in Viet Nam, also well-known as the “Pearl Island” that attract thousand nature lovers by astonishing scenes of nature.
Phu Quoc island has the coordinate of 10°14′N 103°57′E, locates in the Gulf of Thailand, Southwestern tip of Viet Nam’s territorial waters. The island is 40 kilometers west of Ha Tien province ( coastal town of Viet Nam) and 15 kilometers south of Cambodia.
Roughly triangular, Phu Quoc’s forest and mountain area is 589.27 km2 (227.52 sq mi) and reaches a maximum elevation of 603m. It is situated about 45km long from north to south and 25 km from east to west. Its natural terrain gradually descends from north to south with 99 hills and mountains.
Island’s ground is mainly composed of sedimentary rocks from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic ages.
Due to its low attitude, the island’s climate is quite cool and affected by the monsoon from the Gulf of Thailand. Thus it has characteristics of monsoon tropics and two distinct seasons: rainy and dry seasons. During the rainy season from May to Oct, heavy rain is expected to happen and go along with high humidity, while the dry season is influenced by relatively strong monsoon wind. However, the best period for visiting is from Nov to April, while the temperature ranges from 24-30 Celcius.
Under the sea
Nearly 135 species of coral reef fish, 132 different mollusks, and 98 seaweeds surround the island, providing numerous habitats for sea creatures and incredible snorkeling spots in the southern part of the island. Tourists can still see colorful coral in some shallow water.
The island’s beach consists of various rare, precious faunas that have been listed in the Red List of Threatened species, such as Dugong (also called as Sea cow), olive ridley turtle, and dolphin which are few names of the list.
Phu Quoc national park
Situated in the North-East of Phu Quoc island, the national park covers 31,422 ha, which is 70% of the island’s area. Combining forest, waterfall, stream, and sea, the park represents a rich ecosystem that gathers different ecosystems: boreal, temperate, and tropical rainforest.
Moreover, the park is currently the home of more than 470 species of flora and fauna. Thus, visitors could easily spot some unique wildlife like long-tailed macaques, Indian roller.
Island local life
Behind these breath-taking natural scenes, the island is where the Southern Asia culture was clearly depicted through local life of people here. Since fishing is the main living of most islanders, the scenes of the man in coracle and fishing net from dust till dawn has become an iconic of these Vietnamese coastal local.
Fish sauce is one of the famous specialties of Phu Quoc island, with a long tradition of creating premium that is recognized with unique savory tastes and widely consumed worldwide.
Besides that, extremely rich in quartz and a tropical climate make the island’s soil ideal for pepper cultivation, giving spicy and tasty condiments to please any culinary experts. Thus, planting pepper becomes a primary production that supports local farmers.
The island is not just an ideal destination for vacation but also a pride of
Vietnamese people. With the incredibly friendly islanders and the picturesque frame of working people under the vivid sunrise and romantic sunset, people come here to escape from urban cities’ bustling atmosphere and be nostalgic people returning to their hometown.